Inguinal Hernia


Inguinal hernia is the most common surgical problem of childhood. It results from a small sac that comes through the inguinal ring that is normally open during fetal life and closes around the time of birth. In some infants, it does not close. This sac then makes a pathway for abdominal organs to come through… Continue reading


Umbilical Hernia


Umbilical hernias are commonly found in infants and children. An umbilical hernia is a bulge of intraabdominal organs through an opening in at the base of the umbilicus (belly button). This occurs when abdominal muscles fail to come together forming an opening called an umbilical ring. The size of umbilical hernias varies from child to… Continue reading




Intussusception is a totally curable condition. The cause is generally unknown. It usually happens in babies aged between three and 24 months. One part of the gut slides forward and becomes stuck within the next section of gut – like one part of a telescope sliding into another. The blood supply to the affected part… Continue reading




Hypospadias is a common birth defect of the penis. The urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside of the body) is not located at the tip of the penis. It can be located anywhere on the undersurface of the penis to the scrotum. A condition called chordee is frequently associated with… Continue reading


Enuresis / Bed-wetting


Twenty percent of 5-year-old children and 3 percent of 10-year-olds wet the bed. As many as 1 percent of 18-year-olds wet the bed. It tends to be more common in boys. It is normal for children under the age of 7 or 8 to wet the bed.   Causes: Accidents are probably caused by many… Continue reading