Hypospadias is a common birth defect of the penis. The urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside of the body) is not located at the tip of the penis. It can be located anywhere on the undersurface of the penis to the scrotum. A condition called chordee is frequently associated with… Continue reading


Enuresis / Bed-wetting


Twenty percent of 5-year-old children and 3 percent of 10-year-olds wet the bed. As many as 1 percent of 18-year-olds wet the bed. It tends to be more common in boys. It is normal for children under the age of 7 or 8 to wet the bed.   Causes: Accidents are probably caused by many… Continue reading


Testicular torsion


Testicular torsion, or testis torsion, occurs when the spermatic cord that provides blood flow to the testicle rotates and becomes twisted, usually due to an injury or medical condition. This cuts off the testicle’s blood supply and causes sudden and severe pain and swelling. Testicular torsion requires immediate surgery to fix. If it goes on… Continue reading


Hydronephrosis / Ureteropelvic junction obstruction


A ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) is a congenital narrowing or obstruction where the ureter meets the kidney. These obstructions develop prenatally as the kidney is forming. Studies confirm that it is more common in males and on the left side. However, both kidneys may be involved. This narrowing will not allow urine to drain from… Continue reading


Prostate cancer


What is prostate cancer? Prostate cancer happens when normal cells in the prostate gland change into abnormal cells and grow out of control. The prostate gland makes fluid that is part of semen. This gland sits below the bladder and in front of the rectum, and forms a ring around the urethra, the tube that… Continue reading